SET 1: HEALTH
- healthy diet – mainly eating food that is nutritious and cutting down on sugar and fat.
Ex: Eating a healthy diet can help prevent illness and disease.
- health risk – any factor that exposes a person to the increased chance of experiencing illness, injury or disease
Ex: Binge drinking is a significant health risk and can have many long and short-term consequences.
- poor health – the general state of not being in a good condition of health.
Ex: The refugees arrived in a state of poor health having had little food or water for many weeks.
- healthy lifestyle (or unhealthy lifestyle) – a way of living that contributes to good health and well-being.
Ex: Regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle.
- health care – the services provided by governments or organizations for the treatment of illness, injury, disease and to maintain well-being.
Ex: Many governments cannot afford to provide free health care for their people.
- mental health – the state of a person’s emotional and psychological well-being. The health of the mind.
Ex: Stress or bullying at work can lead to serious mental health problems.
- to look after your health / to take care of our health – to eat well, drink alcohol sensibly and take exercise.
Ex: I believe I’m still able to enjoy an active life in my 80’s because I have always looked after my health / taken care of my health.
- to regain your health – to recover from illness or injury.
Ex: Sunita was very ill with the flu but is gradually regaining her health.
SET 2: FITNESS
- regular exercise – to engage in physical activity often and consistently.
Ex: Taking regular exercise helps to keep the body healthy.
- In good shape – in good physical condition.
Ex: My parents are both in their 70’s but are still in pretty good shape.
- stay in shape – to take action to maintain good health and fitness
Ex: Eating healthily and taking regular exercise helps me to stay in shape.
- out of shape – not in good physical condition.
Ex: I got very lazy over the holidays and am really feeling out of shape.
- get back into shape – to take action to improve your physical condition.
Ex: I’ve taken up swimming to help me get back into shape after breaking my leg.
- work out – to exercise in order to improve physical fitness and increase strength.
Ex: Sally works out at the gym three times a week to help her stay fit and healthy.