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Trong 4 tiêu chí chấm điểm bài IELTS, Coherence và Cohesion chính là tiêu chí chấm điểm mà giám khảo dành cho việc sử dụng một loạt các từ liên kết trong bài luận của bạn- chiếm 25% tổng điểm. Chính vì vậy, bạn cần phải nắm thật kĩ những từ vựng này để áp dụng trong bài thi.

Dưới đây là danh sách các từ nối hay được sử dụng trong bài IELTS Writing và IELTS Speaking:

1.To show a times relationship

First, Second, Third, Last
Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly, Lastly, Last but not least, Finally
Until  Then
As First of all
At first Before
As soon as After
During While
To begin with At the same time
Simultaneously After this / that
Since Meanwhile
Afterwards Following this


2.Adding information

In addition Not only…but also…
Additionally As well as
Furthermore And
Moreover Besides 
Also Too

Ví dụ:

  • We are concerned not only by the costs, but also by the competition.
  • As well as the costs, we are concerned by the competition.

3.Giving example 

For example, For instance,
such as In other words,
as like
that is namely
To illustrate To paraphrase

Ví dụ:

  • There are two problems namely, the expense and the time.
  • The Amelia Douglas Art Gallery is an interesting place. For instance, one month a year it displays art created by faculty and staff from our college.

4.Results and Consequence

So Hence
Therefore For this/that reason
As a result/ consequence So that
Consequently In that case
Because of this/that Under these circumstance
Thus  Accordingly

Ví dụ:

  • The company is expanding. Therefore / So / Consequently / As a result, they are taking on extra staff.

5.Highlighting and Stressing

Particularly Especially
In particular Obviously
Specifically Clearly

Ví dụ:

  • Some companies, especially those which have fewer employees, may decide to implement their own promotion policies.

6.Concessions and Contrasts

However, But
On the contrary, On the other hand,
Differ from Nevertheless
Although Though
Otherwise Instead
Alternatively, Even though
Despite/ Despite the fact that Admittedly
In spite of/ In spite of the fact that Nevertheless
By contrast In comparison
Nonetheless Unlike
Still Yet

Ví dụ:

  • Although some people would like to have a lot of children, the cost of raising them has to be considered first.
  • All in all, despite the fact that there are some interesting programmes, much of the time children spend watching TV would be better spent on other activities.

7.Cause and Reason

Due to / due to the fact that Because
Because of Owing to / owing to the fact that
Since As
As long as

Ví dụ:

  • Because parents are often too lenient at home, discipline in schools is becoming more difficult to enforce.


In short In brief
In summary To summarise
In a nutshell To conclude
In conclusion In short

Ví dụ: 

  • In conclusion, I believe both the arguments have their merits. On balance, however, it seems that schools should provide young learners with other vital skills helping them develop more comprehensively.


Generally, Generally speaking,
Overall, On the whole,
In general, By and large,
It seems to me that I believe
All in all, Basically,
Essentially, As a rule,
All things considered For the most part

Ví dụ:

  • Generally speaking, getting married is one of the most significant experiences in a person`s life


Similar to As…as
in common also
Either…or In the same way,
Neither…nor At the same time
Just as resemble

Ví dụ:

  • From my perspective, we are gradually moving towards technology for every kid in the classroom. At the same time I know there are a range of school districts who can’t afford that kind of technology.

11.Expressing condition

If Whether
In case Unless
Provided that So that